Appeal to takedown

I wish to appeal the decision to take down my video for the following reasons which are also included with scientific references in the background information linked to the video.

It has since come to my attention that this link was broken – here is the correct one: https://spiral-m.com/vitamin-d-and-covid-19-lyrics-and-scientific-background.

My song was written to bring attention to the potentially large benefits of appropriately boosting vitamin D levels to help reduce the severity of the pandemic AND help achieve better immune systems generally, in light of what has been described as the global pandemic of vitamin D deficiency (1) which regardless of costs associated with covid-19 could save many lives and cut health costs significantly (2).

Nowhere in the song – which is not to be read like a scientific text – do I claim that:

• vitamin D is a substitute for vaccines

• that it is the only solution

• that it guarantees favourable outcomes with Covid-19

– Nor have I claimed that pandemic safety regulations are unnecessary.

– In my disclaimer on the video and in the accompanying text I clearly state the importance of dealing with concerns about possible vitamin D deficiency with a qualified medical professional.

 

Increasing vitamin D as a strategy to help the pandemic situation and protect people better has been put forward by many health professionals and researchers as a precautionary principle of low-cost and potential high gain as there is much scientific evidence to support this. (3) (7)

Science revolves around debate and there is no clear consensus that that vitamin D does not play a significant role in the prevention of serious covid-19 outcomes (4). “The jury is out” does not mean that there is scientific consensus that promoting appropriate higher vitamin D intake is dangerous or wrong to help prevent serious outcomes of covid-19. The WHO don’t make this claim either (8). Much research says no evidence of help, much says plenty of evidence for help.

Recommendations vary internationally and from doctor to doctor, further showing lack of consensus upon which to base taking down my video. (5) Studies cited on vitamin D deficiency and covid-19 that claim insufficient evidence for protective function have often been: in countries where vitamin D deficiency is not high, negating supplement effectivity or focused on post-infection therapy and not prevention or carried out by medical professionals who have their normal work-burdens to deal with additionally, negating effectiveness of research scope, non-peer reviewed (”pre-prints”) or a mixture of these. Funding has not been put forward like it has for dedicated vaccine studies.

“We’ve seen a lot of very poor quality papers published in preprint and peer-review which report ‘no evidence’ but it’s important to remember that a poor quality investigation will never find evidence,” he said. “This is very far from reporting ‘we found evidence there was no effect’ which no-one has reported.” (4)

That renders the narrative that claims that there is proof of “as largely irrelevant. “As Neale points out, “there is data that is suggestive” and enough smoke to indicate that you don’t want to be vitamin-D-deficient in a pandemic.” (4)

Toxicity with vitamin D is widely recognised as being rare (6). Yet daily dosages recommended in many countries are remarkably small despite ongoing deficiency. 4000 I.U. / day is recognised as safe, this isn’t being promoted as standard, rather 400 (UK), 800 (Germany), 1000 (EFSA). (5) Routine blood tests are not provided and must be paid extra above health insurance in Germany.

My song also deals with the question of lobbyism (reported by state media) behind decisions in health authorities and indeed approval authorities and even in some cases, state media and the WHO, which may reflect decisions about daily dosage of vitamin D or competition with products from more powerful drug companies. The prescription of drugs / funding of studies is not always based upon priority of ethics but also on relative financial influence of lobbyists (9)

Malpractices in health systems have been well-documented by German state media revealing industry-bias in the decision-making processes. (9) This is not to negate any positive work by such institutions but the public should have freedom of information as to any compromising decision-making processes which do not necessarily serve the best interests of the public, instead aiming to increase profits as a higher priority, and also fill the pockets of politicians associated with said industries.

 

 

1. Vitamin D deficiency is a “pandemic”

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28516265/

“a worldwide prevalence of up to 1 billion.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532266/

Vitamin D deficiency in Europe: pandemic?

https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/103/4/1033/4662891

Vitamin D deficiency in India – 80-90%

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Q_mhJRFtxg&t=79s

Brazil: 28% deficient / 45% insufficient at low defined threshhold of

https://eje.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/eje/180/4/EJE-18-0736.xml

40% of Europeans are vitamin D deficient, and 13% are severely deficient

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-020-0558-y

“42% Percent of Americans Are Vitamin D Deficient.”

https://www.cantonmercy.org/healthchat/42-percent-of-americans-are-vitamin-d-deficient/

Vitamin D Deficiency- An Ignored Epidemic

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3068797/

According to the Robertkochinstitut (RKI) up to 30.2% of adults in Germany have deficiency. 38.4% of adults achieve adequate care. 61.6% are therefore have suboptimal levels.

https://edoc.rki.de/handle/176904/2492 (German)

“approximately 75% had suboptimal 25(OH)D concentration” (Asia)

https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/9/3/313

“Similar rates of vitamin D deficiency have been reported in Europe [26] and Canada. A greater prevalence of vitamin D deficiency exists in Middle Eastern countries. A study of 316 young adults aged 30-50 years from the Middle East showed that 72.8% had 25(OH)D values of less than 15 ng/dL (that is, severely deficient).”

https://www.medscape.com/answers/128762-54282/what-is-the-global-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency

“Moreover, more than two-thirds of all children had levels below 75 nmol/L, including 80 percent of Hispanic children and 92 percent of non-Hispanic black children. “ (USA)

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2009-10-latest-analysis-suboptimal-vitamin-d.html

“Suboptimal vitamin D status is a highly prevalent but treatable condition in both hospitalized patients and the general population “

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18042130/

 

2. General benefits of Vitamin D

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29080635/

https://www.altmetric.com/details/99483725

https://www.dana-farber.org/newsroom/news-releases/2019/high-dose-vitamin-d-shows-benefit-in-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer/

“a low vitamin D status is emerging as a very common condition worldwide, and several studies from basic science to clinical applications have highlighted a strong association with chronic diseases, as well as acute conditions. Moreover, the large amount of observational data currently available are also accompanied by pathophysiological associations of vitamin D with energy homeostasis, and regulation of the immune and endocrine systems.”

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-020-0558-y

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3582312/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28580189/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=vitamin+d+and+multiple+sclerosis

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=vitamin+d+and+diabetes

https://www.dana-farber.org/newsroom/news-releases/2019/high-dose-vitamin-d-shows-benefit-in-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer/

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/15050-vitamin-d–vitamin-d-deficiency

https://www.pharmacytimes.com/view/vitamin-d-helps-the-immune-system-during-cold-and-flu-season

Multiple Sclerosis and Vitamin D

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3582312/

Treatment of MS with Vit D

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jquQjPxdRKY

 

3. Scientists calling for increased vitamin D

https://vitamindforall.org/letter.html

“the lack of specific recommendations in the context of COVID-19 was also met with disappointment by many in the scientific community who have argued that vitamin D supplementation is generally safe and that any potential low toxicity would likely be strongly outweighed by any potential benefits in relation to protection from COVID-19.”

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/landia/article/PIIS2213-8587(21)00003-6/fulltext

Irish health experts appeal to government

https://www.breakingnews.ie/ireland/please-take-vitamin-d-to-protect-against-covid-19-say-irish-experts-1069537.html

 

4. Some of the evidence and debate:

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.201912

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341168094_Vitamin_D_deficiency_as_risk_factor_for_severe_COVID-19_a_convergence_of_two_pandemics

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33371905/

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/20503121211014073

Can Vitamin D Help Protect Against COVID-19? “the jury is out”

https://www.nature.com/articles/d42859-021-00052-9

“The German Society for Nutrition says a link between vitamin D deficiency and increased corona risks is probable. “

https://www.berliner-zeitung.de/en/can-vitamin-d-protect-against-covid-19-li.140167

Examples of the inconsequential basis for “proof of no proof” of studies that are commonly cited:

“We’ve seen a lot of very poor quality papers published in preprint and peer-review which report ‘no evidence’ but it’s important to remember that a poor quality investigation will never find evidence,” he said. “This is very far from reporting ‘we found evidence there was no effect’ which no-one has reported.”

Pre-print citation examples:

https://www.businessinsider.com/vitamin-d-does-not-protect-against-covid-19-studies-find-2021-3

“One weakness, they said, is the sample’s high proportion of people of European ancestry. They recommended further study of more diverse and higher-risk populations, for whom vitamin D’s effects might differ.”

https://news.cornell.edu/stories/2021/05/study-vitamin-d-wont-limit-risk-severity-covid-19

“Vitamin D has shown antimicrobial as well as anti-inflammatory properties” “Thus, the immunomodulatory capacity of vitamin D should be further explored considering there is already preliminary evidence of its effectiveness against COVID-19.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8135207/

“Studies of individual micronutrients including vitamin D and zinc suggest roles in reducing severity of infection with SARS-CoV-2”

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34168111/

“Routine 25-OH-Vitamin D3 measurement in COVID-19 patients could be of great importance, either for clinical course estimation or deciding on supplementation.”

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33821193/

“Compared to the general population, adult CA and SOT patients with COVID-19 had higher comorbidities, greater levels of inflammatory markers at diagnosis, and higher rates of intensive care and hospital mortality. “

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7859698/

“low levels of vitamin D have been associated with worsening autoimmune diseases.”

https://www.pharmacytimes.com/view/vitamin-d-helps-the-immune-system-during-cold-and-flu-season

 

“Hence, Vitamin D can serve as a potential immune-modulator in COVID-19 infection due to its immune regulating function being supported by considerable clinical evidence [49, 69]. Although not prospectively validated in a randomized control trial; the role of vitamin D in attenuating hyper-acute inflammatory response in severe COVID-19 can be determined by studying impact of vitamin D deficiency on markers like CRP and IL-6 [59]. While centers worldwide routinely utilize CRP levels to assess CS, levels of vitamin D before development of CS and afterwards can predict reliability of vitamin D as an immune-modulating agent that can alter IL-6 activity and serve as a therapeutic target in treatment of CS [59]. Vitamin D3 supplementation is inexpensive and readily available. Therefore, on the current covid-19 pandemic where a cause-and-effect relationship continues to be explored, it is prudent to follow public health guidelines to ensure vitamin D3 adequacy and daily supplementation with 1000–2000 IU per day.”

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40200-021-00775-6

 

5. Varying recommendations and faulty science used to validate low dosage to relieve from deficiency

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28768407/

https://www.vitamind.net/tagesbedarf/

Heaney, R. P. and Holick, M. F. (2011), Why the IOM recommendations for vitamin D are deficient. J Bone Miner Res, 26: 455–457. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.328

cited: 3. Veugelers PJ, Ekwaru JP. A statistical error in the estimation of the recommended dietary allowance for vitamin D. Nutrients. 2014 Oct 20;6(10):4472-5

Europe (EFSA): 15 µg per day

“The Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) defined an adequate intake (AI) of 15 µg per day for healthy individuals over one year of age. This includes pregnant and lactating women. The DRVs for infants aged 7-11 months have been set at 10 µg per day.”

https://www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/assets/UL_Summary_tables.pdf

Germany: 20 µg per day

https://www.dge.de/presse/pm/neue-referenzwerte-fuer-vitamin-d/

UK: 10 µg per day

“The new guidance from NICE, SACN and PHE on vitamin D recommendations for the UK is hugely disappointing, and I am sure that this response will be echoed by many other vitamin D researchers in the UK and worldwide.”

“Several groups, including one that I have participated in, have suggested a higher level of vitamin D supplementation. Specifically increasing this to 800 IU/day vitamin D. This is still relatively conservative – groups in the North America are recommending 4,000 IU/day – but is much more likely to improve the vitamin D status of people in the UK. In rejecting this request to increase recommend vitamin D supplementation NICE, SACN and PHE continue to promote the idea of vitamin D ‘toxicity’, despite no evidence of this in trials where up to 4,000 IU/day vitamin D were used. This obsession has become a major hurdle to better vitamin D health in the UK. Many vitamin D researchers have worked tirelessly over the summer to provide a framework in which vitamin D supplementation could be incorporated into the general strategies being used to defeat COVID-19. NICE, SACN and PHE have rejected this, and their ‘new’ recommendations provide little or no help at all for the UK public.”

https://asbmr.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jbm4.10405

6. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40200-021-00775-6

 

6. Toxicity

“The National Academy of Medicine has said that taking up to 4,000 Ius per day is safe for the vast majority of people, and risk of hypercalcemia increases at levels over 10,000 Ius per day.”

https://www.uchicagomedicine.org/forefront/coronavirus-disease-covid-19/vitamin-d-covid-study

“In statements released over the last decade, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) (15) and the Endocrine Society (14) have both concluded that acute VDT is extremely rare”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6158375/

“vitamin D is probably one of the least toxic fat-soluble vitamins, much less toxic than vitamin A”

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25939933/

No toxicity with blood levels at 40-60 nanograms/L

explanation from 51:20

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ha2mLz-Xdpg

“In general, vitamin D toxicity occurs at 25(OH)D blood levels over 500 nmol/L or at a daily intake exceeding 30,000 IU/day over an extended period of time. Supplements taken as directed and up to 4000 IU/day for adolescents and adults (age 9 and up) would not lead to toxicity. Individuals with liver and kidney conditions may have a lower threshold for vitamin D toxicity than the general population1. “

https://mssociety.ca/library/document/38cuveX9sSrF0QEZ1DfOMUaBilKTyRJk/original.pdf

Note the extremely high dosages here, where toxicity occurred:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6115827/

https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article/96/7/1911/2833671

Unsubstantiated claims of toxicity

”Recommendations such as ‘now 5,000 IU of vitamin D daily’ (= 125 µg) are dangerous, as that is more than the absolute upper limit for safe intake (upper intake level). The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment even recommends no more than 20 µg (= 800 iE) vitamin D per day. ” (translated from German)

Large studies on toxicity show no toxicity at this level in adults.

https://www.br.de/radio/bayern1/vitamin-d-nebenwirkungen-100.html

 

7. Vitamin D is cheap to produce and cost-effective

https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/5/9/e007910

“save approximately €5.7 billion and US $3.3 billion annually.” (just for osteoporosis alone!)

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11657-019-0589-y

“Vitamin D supplementation to the older adult population in Germany has the cost‐saving potential of preventing almost 30,000 cancer deaths per year”

https://www.fabresearch.org/viewItem.php?id=14763&listId=1405&categoryId=&navPageId=1404

https://www.healtheuropa.eu/vitamin-d-nhs/92961/

“Given its rare side effects and its relatively wide safety margin, it may be an important, inexpensive, and safe adjuvant therapy for many diseases”

“Many conflicting recent studies are now showing an association between vitamin D deficiency and cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and depression.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532266/ https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsos.201912

 

8. WHO position

https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters

 

9. More misleading and false claims by some authorities

From DGE (Germany):

“There are no dietary supplements that can prevent illness with the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).” (translated from German)

https://www.verbraucherzentrale.de/wissen/lebensmittel/auswaehlen-zubereiten-aufbewahren/coronavirus-was-koennen-nahrungsergaenzungsmittel-45640

This statement is false, as it is unproven that protective effects from certain supplements do not exist. One correction could be: “Funding has not been put forth for large randomised studies on the preventative effects of all supplements for covid-19 across the spectrum of genetic differences”

A further falsehood: “Dietary supplements are also not used to treat diseases”

Vitamin D, if suspected or found to be in deficiency (”symptoms of vitamin D deficiency can include muscle weakness, pain, fatigue and depression” and effects can include diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and certain cancers 1) it is often boosted for patients I.e. to “treat” those conditions and prevent worsening outcomes. Whether that is in a supportive function or not doesn’t matter. The goal is to help combat those related conditions.

“From October to March everyone over the age of five will need to rely on dietary sources of vitamin D. Since vitamin D is found only in a small number of foods, it might be difficult to get enough from foods that naturally contain vitamin D and/or fortified foods alone. So everyone, should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D.”

https://www.ageuk.org.uk/bp-assets/globalassets/croydon/original-blocks/our-services/how-to-get-enough-vitamin-d.pdf 18

Getting enough vitamin D from diet is unrealistic and could have negative side-effects of e.g. heavy metals in sea-fish, expense thereof and risk of overdose of vitamin A and also would exacerbate harm to animals and our ecological system as fisheries are being decimated around the globe

“The first option on the WHO/FAO list is increasing the diversity of foods consumed but this has its challenges because there are very few food sources naturally rich in vitamin D. These are mainly of animal origin, which is highly relevant in the context of the recent calls for a radical transformation of the global food system, with emphasis on increased consumption of plant‐based foods and reductions in animal‐derived foods for many, as part of a more sustainable flexitarian‐type diet (see Buttriss 2020; Steenson & Buttriss 2020).”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276911/

The above was cited from below as general guidelines:

https://www.nutrition.org.uk/nutritioninthenews/new-reports/983-newvitamind.html

Animal Agriculture, Omnivorous Diets and Environmental Impacts

for related topics, visit:

 

A source of research links into how animal agriculture and diets impact the environment

TOPICS COVERED:

carbon opportunity cost (ignored by FAO report) and direct GHG output

myths spread by animal farming institutions and other lobbyists / Lobbyism in general

comparison of sequestration potentials of grassland and forest

veganic agriculture recognised by Bundesumweltamt (German environment administration)

holistic management

regenerative agriculture debunk

amount of land used

inefficiency

world hunger solutions

extinctions

palm seed oil for animal feed, soya for animal feed

pesticides in animal produce

industrial livestock farming percentage

killing of wild animals to protect livestock

veganic agriculture

IPCC underplay intensity of climate change

Debunk of veganism is worse for the environment

Contra argument – methane

46% of oceanic debris comes from discarded fishing nets and other equipment

Air pollution

Pesticides and other human-induced toxins in land animals and fish

Guardian

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/may/31/avoiding-meat-and-dairy-is-single-biggest-way-to-reduce-your-impact-on-earth

Independent

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/meat-dairy-industry-greenhouse-gas-emissions-fossil-fuels-oil-pollution-iatp-grain-a8451871.html

Meat, the “world’s most urgent problem”

https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/tackling-worlds-most-urgent-problem-meat

 

carbon opportunity cost – ignored by FAO report – plus direct GHG output is 30%+ contribution to greenhouse gas emissions

(English)

https://bayern.landwirtschaft.jetzt/en/klimawandel/

(German)

https://bayern.landwirtschaft.jetzt/de/klimawandel/

 

comparison of sequestration potentials of grassland and forest: forest does better

https://spiral-m.com/sequestration

 

Widespread Adoption of Plant-Based Diets Required for Net Zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2050

Widespread global adoption of plant-based diets and other changes are needed to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, according to a report published in the British Medical Journal. Researchers note that behaviors around diet account for 26% of greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, reducing consumption of animal products would use less water and land and reduce consumption of saturated fats. Meat consumption in America and Europe would need to drop by 79% and 68%, respectively in order to reach international emission goals. The authors recommend policies that decrease affordability of unhealthful foods like meat by removing subsides on livestock, for example, while increasing affordability of healthful, plant-based foods.

References
Marteau TM, Chater N, Garnett EE. Changing behaviour for net zero 2050. BMJ. 2021;375:n2293. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n2293t

 

IPCC underplay intensity of climate change (e-g- they didn’t incorporate mitigtion through regained land and rewilding in 2019 report)

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-science-predictions-prove-too-conservative/

carbon opportunity costs of animal agriculture

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-020-00603-4?fbclid=IwAR2ujQqqzVYEPeDqBcbpkGXXa3ynevCqR-BTzBynpGFJmVScf4jKHf6IeHU

 

comparison of sequestration potentials of grassland and forest: forest does better

 

 

myths spread by animal farming institutions and other lobbyists / Lobbyism:

“we need animal agriculture to enable plant-agriculture” – false!

https://bayern.landwirtschaft.jetzt/en/mythen/mythos-3/lj

 

“The UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), taking place this week in New York, aims to make global agricultural systems more sustainable, billing itself as a transformational “people’s summit”.

But documents obtained by Greenpeace Unearthed – the investigative arm of environmental NGO Greenpeace – and seen by the Guardian, show livestock industry bodies threatening to withdraw if others in their discussion group at the summit do not share their “common goal”.

“the UN FSS should not have given “incumbent industries a platform to deny or minimise the scientific consensus”.

““It started with the meat industry itself, and then included people who wish to softly transition from the current system. Only towards the end were more critical voices invited.”

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/sep/21/livestock-industry-lobbying-un-to-support-more-meat-production

 

veganic agriculture recognised by Bundesumweltamt (German environment administration)

https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/1410/publikationen/2020-07-02_texte_119-2020_neuropa_de_0.pdf

translation to English:

3.7 Profile: biocyclic vegan cultivation
Category: preliminary work, production
Description: The biocyclic vegan cultivation (also ›vegan organic farming‹ or ›organic vegan agriculture‹), in English ›biocyclic vegan farming‹, ›biodynamic vegan agriculture‹ or ›veganic agriculture‹ (as a combination of ›vegan‹ and ›organic ‹), Completely dispenses with animal husbandry and the use of animal or synthetic resources in the organic cultivation of vegan foods. This eliminates, for example, the use of liquid manure, dung, liquid manure or slaughterhouse waste as fertilizer.
Objective and innovation: The majority of farms rely on the use of animal or synthetic fertilizers in the production of vegan foods. Organic farming is also often associated with livestock farming. At the Demeter Organic Association, the keeping of roughage eaters is even mandatory and can only be omitted in exceptional cases124. Animal husbandry causes massive environmental damage worldwide, ranging from increased land requirements, damage to soil and groundwater to negative effects on the climate. According to a study by the FAO, over 14 percent of global human-caused greenhouse gases can be traced back to animal husbandry125.
At the same time, the demand for vegetarian and vegan products can also be measured in Germany. According to the data from the Allensbach Institute for Demoscopy, 7.6% of consumers are “vegetarians or people who largely forego meat” 126. Another 1.1% are “vegans or people who largely avoid animal products”. These consumers of vegan foods are often not aware that these foods, too, are predominantly produced in a non-vegan manner in the narrower sense. As a rule, resources of animal origin such as blood, horn, hair, feather or bone meal are used. The health concerns of these ecological fertilizer pellets are great. They can be contaminated with germs, antibiotics and heavy metals. In the case of biocyclic vegan cultivation, animal fertilizers and operating materials of animal origin are completely avoided.127 Instead, high value is placed on the targeted build-up of humus on a plant basis, which can be achieved through composting in conjunction with green manure and mulching. If the plant residues used to build up the humus come from your own company, the municipality or the region, this also results in shorter transport routes. The fertility of the soil should also be promoted through a varied crop rotation, mixed crops and the cultivation of legumes such as grass clover, lupins and peas.
A field test in Greece showed that in the long term the nitrogen content and the content of other plant nutrients in the humus soil obtained from olive pomace compost increase128. Since the nutrients in the humus soil are no longer water-soluble, they are completely available to the plant without causing over-fertilization, so
124 Demeter e.V. (no year) Guidelines 2020. p. 54. https://www.demeter.de/sites/default/files/ guidelines/ guidelines_ overall.pdf (27.01.2020)
125 Gerber, P.J. et al. (2013): Tackling climate change through livestock – A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome. P. 15.
126 INSTITUTE FOR DEMOSCOPY ALLENSBACH (undated). AW A 2016. Allensbacher market analysis advertising medium analysis CODEBUCH. P. 80. https: //www.ifd- allensbach.de/fileadmin/AWA/AWA2016/Codebuchausschnitte/AWA2016_Codebuch_Essen_Trinken_Rauchen.pdf (27.01.2020) 127 Vegconomist (2019): In an interview with the Förderkreis Biozyklisch-Veganeraner eV about the Organic vegan agriculture. October 31, 2019. https://vegconomist.de/interviews/im-interview-mit-dem-foerderkreis-biozyklisch-veganer-anbau-e-v-ueber- die-bio-vegane-Landwirtschaft / (27.01.2020)
128 Biocyclic Park Kalamata, IFOAM ABM 2017. (2017). https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=14&v=_HPCm- 5acI0 & feature = emb_logo, (27.01.2020)
39
TEXTS Niche Innovations in Europe for the Transformation of the Food System – NE Europe
Dr. Johannes Eisenbach, board member of the Association for Biocyclic Vegan Cultivation, 129. A study on the cultivation of tomatoes confirms these observations. Tomato plants that grew in humus soil produced up to 45% higher yields than plants that were not treated at all or treated with inorganic fertilizers130. In addition, plant health improves and the humus soil can bind more carbon in the soil. 131

 

German:

Hier gibt es Beispiele regenerativen Biolandbaus – die Humusmenge steigt jährlich (ab ca 09:30)

https://www.ardmediathek.de/hr/video/doku-und-reportage/eine-welt-ohne-fleisch/hr-fernsehen/Y3JpZDovL2hyLW9ubGluZS8xMjc2MDM/

 

Hintergründe

br

80% of soya used for animal feed

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/05/vast-animal-feed-crops-meat-needs-destroying-planet

(German)

https://www.wwf.de/themen-projekte/landwirtschaft/produkte-aus-der-landwirtschaft/soja/soja-als-futtermittelhttps://wwf.panda.org/our_work/our_focus/food_practice/sustainable_production/soy/

 

91% der Zerstörung des Amazonas sind auf die Tierhaltung zurückzuführen. Nur etwa 2% der Soja aus diesem Prozess werden direkt für den menschlichen Verzehr verwendet. 80%+ in Tierfutter, das Reste als Öl für Industrie.

https://wwf.panda.org/our_work/our_focus/food_practice/sustainable_production/soy/

Das Soja in den veganen Produkten bei uns ist nicht GMO, wie beim Tierfutter der Fall ist, und kommt meist aus de EU. Fast immer bei BIO, sonst kommt einiges aus USA und hat daher gar nichts mit Abholzung zu tun.

https://wwf.panda.org/our_work/our_focus/food_practice/sustainable_production/soy/
https://www.codecheck.info/news/Woher-kommt-das-Soja-in-meiner-Sojamilch-153183

Pesticides in animal produce including organic

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28490068/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15895606/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281213842_PESTICIDE_RESIDUES_IN_ANIMAL_FEED_AND_EFFECTS_ON_ANIMALS_AND_ITS_PRODUCTS_WITH_SPECIAL_REFERENCE_TO_ENDOSULFAN

http://repository.pertanian.go.id/handle/123456789/4521

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598159/

 

toxins in fish

https://phys.org/news/2018-03-pesticides-accumulate-fat-tissue.html

https://www.intechopen.com/books/livestock-science/contaminants-in-animal-products

Drug residues

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6837901/

 

Agriculture, Use Of Land

41%+ in US used for animal agriculture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zctdaxvewng&feature=em-uploademail

from

https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2018-us-land-use/

cowspiracy links

http://www.cowspiracy.com/facts/

The Myth of “Organic meat is better for the environment” exposed:

https://www.acsh.org/news/2017/05/26/organic-farms-use-more-land-and-dont-decrease-carbon-footprint-11338

Myth of grass fed-cows better for climate

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/10/grass-fed-cows-won-t-save-climate-report-finds?fbclid=IwAR2ZD_gaewNMJznbEgqccaD2Bd71hryqFdMvgcoIHlXiCZhZf-su7mQ2DaM

loss of forests

www.fao.org/3/a-a0262e.pdfinter

land-use inefficiency

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/11/10/105002/pdf

https://animal.law.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/Eating-Away-at-Climate-Change-with-Negative-Emissions%E2%80%93%E2%80%93Harwatt-Hayek.pdf

“Most strikingly, impacts of the lowest-impact animal products typically exceed those of vegetable substitutes, providing new evidence for the importance of dietary change”

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6392/987

 

“Results show that external greenhouse gas costs are highest for conventional and organic animal-based products….

The large difference of relative external climate costs between food categories as well as the absolute external climate costs of the agricultural sector imply the urgency for policy measures that close the gap between current market prices and the true costs of food.”

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-19474-6

 

“There is also a highly unequal distribution of land use between livestock and crops for human consumption. If we combine pastures used for grazing with land used to grow crops for animal feed, livestock accounts for 77% of global farming land. While livestock takes up most of the world’s agricultural land it only produces 18% of the world’s calories and 37% of total protein”

https://ourworldindata.org/global-land-for-agriculture

“If the world adopted a plant-based diet we would reduce global agricultural land use from 4 to 1 billion hectares”

https://ourworldindata.org/land-use-diets

 

60% of agricultural land in Germany for animal farming (German) – 52,8 % for animal feed, 60% of cereals for animal feed

https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/376/publikationen/uba_dzu2018_umwelt_und_landwirtschaft_web_bf_v7.pdf

comparison of “milks”

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-46654042

guardian summary

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/jun/02/un-report-meat-free-diet

 

Studie: So viel Treibhausgas sparen Veganer:innen ein

Livestock production is the single largest driver of habitat loss

https://www.ipbes.net/news/ipbes-global-assessment-summary-policymakers-pdf

loss of species diversity as catastrophic as climate change

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/may/06/biodiversity-climate-change-mass-extinctions

33 species extinctions UK attributable to animal farming in the UK

https://www.wwf.org.uk/sites/default/files/2017-10/WWF_AppetiteForDestruction_Summary_Report_SignOff.pdf

 

UN report

http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/dtix1262xpa-priorityproductsandmaterials_report.pdf

The opportunity cost of animal based diets exceeds all food losses

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/15/3804?fbclid=IwAR1Q_VkAMbLyQNaOQXCKMAcLtt07eJJG74efjI0OCNNJeKFiHUIgpu1DOZg

The carbon opportunity cost of animal-sourced food production on land

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-020-00603-4.epdf?sharing_token=lgXbpAbkjFrSjOabh_v66NRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0P77FyzGHe2tktE9ZrHAccCF62Zbhw7v9AoX05gp9lKKfvbGYiWvEkliPbe2e81XovvLyHq-XdiyAuDp2Urehw6kn5U8rgjMFeDp4GZPLLotA9UA4C2XbmuaoSDw0f-0Xo%3D

solving world hunger by moving to plant-based agriculture

“There is also a highly unequal distribution of land use between livestock and crops for human consumption. If we combine pastures used for grazing with land used to grow crops for animal feed, livestock accounts for 77% of global farming land. While livestock takes up most of the world’s agricultural land it only produces 18% of the world’s calories and 37% of total protein”

https://ourworldindata.org/environmental-impacts-of-food

 

New WWF report says plant-based diets could help conserve and restore nature

Meat consumption is highest across high-income countries (with the largest meat-eaters in Australia, consuming around 116 kilograms per person in 2013). The average European and North American consumes nearly 80 kilograms and more than 110 kilograms, respectively.

https://ourworldindata.org/meat-production

 

“More than 95% of animals used for meat and dairy in the United States eat GMO crops”

“While a lot of GMO corn goes into processed foods and drinks, most of it is used to feed livestock, like cows, and poultry, like chickens.”

https://www.fda.gov/food/agricultural-biotechnology/gmo-crops-animal-food-and-beyond

70% of GMO crops used for animal feed

“Over 70% of harvested GE biomass is fed to food producing animals, making them the major consumers of GE crops for the past 15 plus years.” (from 2013 but animal agriculture is increasing globally)

https://jasbsci.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2049-1891-4-37

 

46% of oceanic debris comes from discarded fishing nets and other equipment

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-22939-w.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1IzepC3WiuJBw7GAhXc_nwoCAZIkzOXS82nop0akk7nNiqWT_brTUosJQ

 

Comparison of transport-related damage with type of food

https://ourworldindata.org/food-choice-vs-eating-local

 

Which Diet Has the Least Environmental Impact on
Our Planet? A Systematic Review of Vegan,
Vegetarian and Omnivorous Diets

Bingli Clark Chai, Johannes Reidar van der Voort, Kristina Grofelnik , Helga Gudny Eliasdottir,
Ines Klöss and Federico J. A. Perez-Cueto *
Design & Consumer Behaviour Section, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science,
University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 26, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
* Correspondence: apce@food.ku.dk
Received: 11 July 2019; Accepted: 24 July 2019; Published: 30 July 2019
 

Abstract: The food that we consume has a large impact on our environment. The impact varies significantly between different diets. The aim of this systematic review is to address the question: Which diet has the least environmental impact on our planet? A comparison of a vegan, vegetarian and omnivorous diets. This systematic review is based on 16 studies and 18 reviews. The included studies were selected by focusing directly on environmental impacts of human diets. Four electronic bibliographic databases, PubMed, Medline, Scopus and Web of Science were used to conduct a systematic literature search based on fixed inclusion and exclusion criteria. The durations of the studies ranged from 7 days to 27 years. Most were carried out in the US or Europe. Results from our review suggest that the vegan diet is the optimal diet for the environment because, out of all the compared diets, its production results in the lowest level of GHG emissions. Additionally, the reviewed studies indicate the possibility of achieving the same environmental impact as that of the vegan diet, without excluding the meat and dairy food groups, but rather, by reducing them substantially.

 


CO2

http://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146.full

Grazing Mimicry – Holistic Management / regenerative agriculture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpTHi7O66pI

Criticisms of film promoting holistic grazing (Allan Savory et al) and regenerative agriculture: “Kiss the Ground” (available on Netflix)

OPINION: Is Documentary ‘Kiss The Ground’ Just A Last Ditch Effort To Keep Meat Relevant?

 

2020 White Oak Pastures and General Mills study

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsufs.2020.544984/full

Criticisms of above study

https://plantbaseddata.medium.com/the-failed-attempt-to-greenwash-beef-7dfca9d74333

debunks

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/georgemonbiot/2014/aug/04/eat-more-meat-and-save-the-world-the-latest-implausible-farming-miracle

http://www.slate.com/articles/life/food/2013/04/allan_savory_s_ted_talk_is_wrong_and_the_benefits_of_holistic_grazing_have.html

http://www.thewildlifenews.com/2013/03/18/alan-savory-gives-a-popular-and-very-misleading-ted-talk/

https://planetaryvegan.net/2019/02/27/is-regenerative-grazing-the-new-clean-coal/

Debunk of veganism is worse for the environment

Contra argument – methane

“the truth about cattle and methane emissions”

 

 

Palm seed from palm oil plantations used in animal feed

“Every year, over seven million tonnes of the stuff is dried and processed, ending up as feed stock for cattle, mostly in New Zealand and Europe.

The biggest importer is the European Union, which took in about 2.63 million tonnes in 2013, followed by New Zealand with 1.52 million tonnes.”

https://www.thestar.com.my/lifestyle/features/2014/02/17/oil-palm-leftovers-as-food-for-livestock


Industrial livestock farming percentage

(German)

https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Laender-Regionen/Internationales/Thema/landwirtschaft-fischerei/tierhaltung-fleischkonsum/_inhalt.html

 

Air pollution

(German)

https://www.nationalgeographic.de/umwelt/2021/05/luftverschmutzung-tausende-tote-durch-emissionen-aus-der-fleischproduktion

https://www.independent.co.uk/climate-change/air-pollution-health-animal-farming-b1844921.html

 

killing of wild animals to protect livestock

The USDA Admits to Killing Over a Million Wild Animals Per Year to Protect Livestock

 

 

feeding the world

about 60 per cent of the world’s agricultural land is used for livestock grazing.”

“Adopting plant-based diets would use less land, produce less greenhouse gas, and require less water. It would also play an important role in reducing chronic illnesses such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer and the associated costs of treatment and lost income. In fact, with a global burden of chronic disease projected to hit 56 per cent by 2050, dietary health will play an increasingly important role in economic management.”

https://www.unep.org/news-and-stories/story/how-feed-10-billion-people

In reality, the bulk of industrially produced grain crops (most yieldreduction in the study was found in grains) goes to biofuels and confinedanimal feedlots rather than food for the one billion hungry. The call todouble food production by 2050 only applies if we continue to prioritize thegrowing population of livestock and automobiles over hungry people.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/241746569_We_Already_Grow_Enough_Food_for_10_Billion_People_and_Still_Can’t_End_Hunger


VEGANIC REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE

Hier gibt es Beispiel regenerativen Biolandbau – die Humusmenge steigt jährlich (ab ca 09:30) https://www.ardmediathek.de/hr/video/doku-und-reportage/eine-welt-ohne-fleisch/hr-fernsehen/Y3JpZDovL2hyLW9ubGluZS8xMjc2MDM/

Hintergründe

Vom Umweltbundesamt
https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/1410/publikationen/2020-07-02_texte_119-2020_neuropa_de_0.pdf

3.7 Steckbrief: Biozyklisch-veganer Anbau
Kategorie: Vorleistung, Produktion
Beschreibung: Der biozyklisch-vegane Anbau (auch ›veganer Ökolandbau‹ oder ›bio-vegane Landwirtschaft‹), im Englischen ›Biocyclic vegan farming‹, ›biodynamic vegan agriculture‹ oder ›veganic agriculture‹ (als Kombination von ›vegan‹ und ›organic‹), verzichtet beim ökologischen Anbau veganer Lebensmittel vollständig auf Tierhaltung und den Einsatz tierischer oder synthetischer Betriebsmittel. Damit entfällt beispielsweise die Verwendung von Gülle, Mist, Jauche oder Schlachtabfällen als Düngemittel.
Ziel und Innovation: Der Großteil landwirtschaftlicher Betriebe setzt bei der Produktion veganer Lebensmittel auf den Einsatz tierischer oder synthetischer Düngemittel. Auch die biologische Landwirtschaft ist häufig mit Nutztierhaltung verbunden. Beim Bioverband Demeter ist die Haltung von Raufutterfressern sogar verpflichtend und kann nur in Ausnahmefällen entfallen124. Durch die Tierhaltung entstehen weltweit massive Umweltschäden, die über einen erhöhten Flächenbedarf, die Schädigung von Boden und Grundwasser bis hin zu negativen Auswirkungen auf das Klima reichen. Laut einer Studie der FAO sind über 14 Prozent der weltweiten, durch den Menschen verursachten Treibhausgase auf die Tierhaltung zurückzuführen125.
Gleichzeitig ist die Nachfrage nach vegetarischen und veganen Produkten auch in Deutschland messbar. Den Daten des Instituts für Demoskopie Allensbach zufolge, handelt es sich bei 7,6 % der Verbraucher und Verbraucherinnen um „Vegetarier oder Leute, die weitgehend auf Fleisch verzichten“126. Weitere 1,1 % sind „Veganer oder Leute, die weitgehend auf tierische Produkte verzichten“. Häufig sind sich diese Konsumenten und Konsumentinnen veganer Lebensmittel nicht darüber bewusst, dass auch diese Lebensmittel im engeren Sinne überwiegend nicht-vegan produziert werden. In der Regel werden Betriebsmittel tierischen Ursprungs, wie Blut-, Horn-, Haar-, Feder- oder Knochenmehle verwendet. Die gesundheitlichen Bedenken dieser ökologischen Düngerpellets sind groß. Sie können mit Keimen, Antibiotika und Schwermetallen belastet sein. Beim biozyklisch-veganen Anbau wird auf tierischen Dünger und Betriebsmittel tierischen Ursprungs komplett verzichtet.127 Stattdessen wird ein hoher Wert auf einen gezielten Humusaufbau auf pflanzlicher Basis gelegt, der über Kompostierung in Verbindung mit Gründüngung und Mulchen erreicht werden kann. Stammen die für den Humusaufbau verwendeten Pflanzenreste dabei aus dem eigenen Betrieb, der Gemeinde oder der Region, so ergeben sich dadurch ebenso kürzere Transportwege. Die Bodenfruchtbarkeit soll zudem durch eine abwechslungsreiche Fruchtfolge, Mischkulturen und den Anbau von Leguminosen wie Kleegras, Lupinen oder Erbsen gefördert werden.
Ein Feldversuch in Griechenland konnte zeigen, dass auf lange Sicht der Stickstoffgehalt sowie der Gehalt weiterer Pflanzennährstoffe in der aus Oliventrester-Kompost hervorgegangenen Humuserde ansteigen128. Da die Nährstoffe in der Humuserde nicht mehr wasserlöslich seien, stünden sie der Pflanze vollständig zur Verfügung ohne eine Überdüngung herbeizuführen, so
124 Demeter e.V. (o.J.) Richtlinien 2020. S. 54. https://www.demeter.de/sites/default/files/richtlinien/richtlinien_gesamt.pdf (27.01.2020)
125 Gerber, P.J. et al. (2013): Tackling climate change through livestock – A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome. S. 15.
126 INSTITUT FÜR DEMOSKOPIE ALLENSBACH (o.J.). AW A 2016. Allensbacher Marktanalyse Werbeträgeranalyse CODEBUCH. S. 80. https://www.ifd- allensbach.de/fileadmin/AWA/AWA2016/Codebuchausschnitte/AWA2016_Codebuch_Essen_Trinken_Rauchen.pdf (27.01.2020) 127 Vegconomist (2019): Im Interview mit dem Förderkreis Biozyklisch-Veganer Anbau e.V. über die Bio-vegane Landwirtschaft. 31.Oktober 2019. https://vegconomist.de/interviews/im-interview-mit-dem-foerderkreis-biozyklisch-veganer-anbau-e-v-ueber- die-bio-vegane-landwirtschaft/ (27.01.2020)
128 Biocyclic Park Kalamata, IFOAM ABM 2017. (2017). https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=14&v=_HPCm- 5acI0&feature=emb_logo, (27.01.2020)
39
TEXTE Nischeninnovationen in Europa zur Transformation des Ernährungssystems – NEuropa
Dr. Johannes Eisenbach, Vorstand vom Förderkreis Biozyklisch-Veganer Anbau e.V.129. Eine Studie zum Anbau von Tomaten bestätigt diese Beobachtungen. Tomatenpflanzen, die in Humuserde wuchsen warfen einen bis zu 45% höheren Ertrag, als Pflanzen, die gar nicht oder mit anorganischem Düngemittel behandelt wurden130. Zudem verbessert sich die Pflanzengesundheit und durch die Humuserde kann mehr Kohlenstoff im Boden gebunden werden. 131

 

Somewhere

Somewhere © 2020 Matthew Checker

We cut across the lines to find the truth
haven of evil
and when we found you there we came to spare you
haven of evil
your pain is their prize, they hide all your cries
sleepwalk and swallow
insatiable lies of peaceful demise

Gather round my children bold, you’re inheriting a bad bad world
but flick the switch and drop your worry. Free will to be to see to feel
be the beacon of appeal and cut through the evil under the sea so dense,
pretence that clouds the soul: it’s the sole being, that distant memory

Our sentience is shared by many, but how human greed and dominion
cast compassion to the ground without a sound till we search inside

But somewhere, buried deeply in those cold remains
But somewhere, buried deeply, their pain’s our own

You are the ones made to pick up the pieces
you tell the elders supposed to lead us. They need our help –
those brothers and sisters may not look the same may not speak the same
but God what we do to them, they feel like we do, love like we do
live and die like we never could wish another that never harmed us,
gave us trust as we forced them down with pain,
the broken wings, the broken wounds, the broken minds that deny this,
bury it down in the well to forget lest they drown in sorrow

But somewhere, buried deeply in those cold remains
But somewhere, buried deeply, their pain’s our own

 

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