Animal Husbandry: Reality Check

“Der aufrüttelnde Film zeigte nicht nur mit dem Finger auf ein paar schwarze Schafe, sondern die Auswüchse komplexer globaler Fehlentwicklungen, die vermutlich nicht mehr so einfach zu stoppen sind und mit uns allen als Gesellschaft, aber fraglos auch mit jedem einzelnen Konsumenten zu tun haben.” – MSN

https://www.daserste.de/information/reportage-dokumentation/dokus/videos/ab-12-tiertransporte-gnadenlos-viehhandel-ohne-grenzen-bearbeitete-version-ab-12-video-100.html

 

Kleine Schlachthöfe: 44 % Fehlbetäubungen

 

9%+  Fehlbeteubung in Deutschland

https://www.bayerische-staatszeitung.de/staatszeitung/landtag/detailansicht-landtag/artikel/fehlbetaeubungen-lassen-sich-nie-gaenzlich-ausschliessen.html#topPosition

 

“40 Prozent der Tiere wachen beim Zerlegen auf”

https://focus.de/wissen/friedrich-muelln-im-interview-tierschuetzer-friedrich-muelln-ueber-die-bedingungen-auf-schlachthoefen_id_12205204.html

 

Tötung überzähliger Puten zeigt kaputtes System auf

Ministerium stoppte Zwangsgeld

“Das ist eine riesengroße Sauerei. Der Minister hat sein Amt schamlos missbraucht und damit die Fortsetzung der Tierquälerei ermöglicht”

https://www.tagesschau.de/investigativ/fakt/zwangsgeld-schlachthof-101.html

Eine Qual – mit amtlicher Genehmigung

https://www.tagesschau.de/investigativ/mittagsmagazin/tiertransporte-107.html?fbclid=IwAR1EIT7u0WuFD2RdOtzyH3Lr3E8pduYFC6OlA1Czg7FHBPo6qw-FtEsnEiI

 

Dairy

Impact of genetic selection for high yields of milk

https://www.ciwf.org.uk/media/3818641/impact-of-selection-on-health-and-welfare-of-dairy-cattle.pdf?fbclid=IwAR3QdzRmBKDxTmV6-YiXYvhaVddZ4nadjX1zTpDRrEW4Y0gTDBz36Te38t0

 

“Dairy cows may continue to be economically productive for many lactation cycles. In theory a longevity of 10 lactations is possible. The chances of problems arising which may lead to a cow being culled are high, however; the average herd life of US Holstein is today fewer than 3 lactations. This requires more herd replacements to be reared or purchased. Over 90% of all cows are slaughtered for 4 main reasons:

  • Infertility – failure to conceive and reduced milk production.
Cows are at their most fertile between 60 and 80 days after calving. Cows remaining “open” (not with calf) after this period become increasingly difficult to breed, which may be due to poor health. Failure to expel the afterbirth from a previous pregnancy, luteal cysts, or metritis, an infection of the uterus, are common causes of infertility.
Mastitis is recognized by a reddening and swelling of the infected quarter of the udder and the presence of whitish clots or pus in the milk. Treatment is possible with long-acting antibiotics but milk from such cows is not marketable until drug residues have left the cow’s system, also called withdrawal period.
  • Lameness – persistent foot infection or leg problems causing infertility and loss of production.
High feed levels of highly digestible carbohydrate cause acidic conditions in the cow’s rumen. This leads to laminitis and subsequent lameness, leaving the cow vulnerable to other foot infections and problems which may be exacerbated by standing in faeces or water soaked areas.
  • Production – some animals fail to produce economic levels of milk to justify their feed costs.
Production below 12 to 15 L of milk per day is not economically viable.[citation needed]

Cow longevity is strongly correlated with production levels.[25] Lower production cows live longer than high production cows, but may be less profitable. Cows no longer wanted for milk production are sent to slaughter. Their meat is of relatively low value and is generally used for processed meat. Another factor affecting milk production is the stress the cow is faced with.

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dairy_cattle

 

Use of flame to burn udder hair

What Are Welfare Standards Really Like For UK Dairy Cows?


Conditions for workers in slaughterhouses

https://www.rnd.de/wirtschaft/schlachthofe-kritiker-fordern-corona-schutz-und-besseren-arbeitsbedingungen-VNQTNIVYVQORCREMQXE43HWJ5A.html

Smithfield Hit With Lawsuit for Failing to Protect Pork Factory Workers From COVID-19

“Largest outbreak in Canada”  (….”In the U.S., rates of coronavirus infection are 75 per cent higher in rural counties housing large beef, pork and poultry-processing plants”)

https://thetyee.ca/News/2020/04/24/Alberta-Meat-Packers-COVID-Outbreak/?fbclid=IwAR3A8d2Bp2mWYtYjiPObuqpdIu__KMLStrNbi4A4Z-A6amYi5ujJc7-9daI

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/aug/10/i-feel-worthless-workers-tell-of-gruelling-life-in-dutch-meat-plants?fbclid=IwAR2U3i7g6IDNXjuy-99xSNZwhZORsxuawsR22HGVaD57uQti1sE_yQR-frg

Outbreak in German slaughterhouses

1500+ infected

https://edition.cnn.com/2020/06/22/business/meat-plant-germany-coronavirus-outbreak/index.html

 

exploitation of workers at Tönnies (site of major Corona outbreak)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-53177628

 

 

Rund 300 Mitarbeiter positiv Heftiger Corona-Ausbruch in Schlachthof

https://www.n-tv.de/panorama/Heftiger-Corona-Ausbruch-in-Schlachthof-article21746955.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook&fbclid=IwAR1G-hZhDBHW9KVmF2KT1ZUhEbij05V8kAaBGK25DW2kGbU_mMLZinTuExA#Echobox=1588148137

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/may/14/everyones-on-top-of-you-sneezing-and-coughing-life-inside-irelands-meat-plants-covid-19

“American slaughterhouse workers are three times more likely to suffer serious injury than the average American worker.”

“Working at slaughterhouses often leads to a high amount of psychological trauma”

“in the UK 78 slaughter workers lost fingers, parts of fingers or limbs, more than 800 workers had serious injuries, and at least 4,500 had to take more than three days off after accidents.[29] In a 2018 study in the Italian Journal of Food Safety, slaughterhouse workers are instructed to wear ear protectors to protect their hearing from the constant screams of animals being killed.[30] A 2004 study in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine found that “excess risks were observed for mortality from all causes, all cancers, and lung cancer” in workers employed in the New Zealand meat processing industry.[31]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slaughterhouse

 

LOBBYISM IN AGRICULTURE

“Die deutsche Agrarlobby: verfilzt, intransparent und wenig am Gemeinwohl orientiert”

https://www.nabu.de/natur-und-landschaft/landnutzung/landwirtschaft/agrarpolitik/26321.html

 

Coronavirus and other pathogen outbreaks from animal-farming /-consumption

(links to media on pathogens below)

We can see below the dangers of farming and eating animals just from zoonotic diseases beside supporting the greatest damage to the environment, to health and animal suffering. The current covid-19 pandemic scenario was warned of 2007. Without animal farming (especially industrial) and consumption of animal-products, these outbreaks are highly unlikely to have occurred. Meat markets / factory farms and even slaughterhouses are often infested with pathogens. Abnormal high density of infected animals, their transportation and contact with humans results in optimal pathogen-spreading and mutations. An additional dilemma is the high usage of antibiotics in industrial farms to fight pathogens, which is the main cause of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, considered as a major threat by WHO, potentially killing millions in the coming years.1 2 3 4 “Drug-resistant infections know no borders and do not respect barriers between industry, regulators and buyers, or between animals, humans and their wider environment”5


Spanish flu 1918 – wild birds to poultry farms to humans
https://www.nature.com/news/study-revives-bird-origin-for-1918-flu-pandemic-1.14723

How Denmark significantly reduced its death-rate by cutting out meat, alcohol and reducing dairy herds to one third due to wartime shortages:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikkel_Hindhede

In Denmark, for example, the pandemic claimed just 0.2% of the population

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20181023-the-places-that-escaped-the-spanish-flu

“Recent studies have, by comparing international mortality levels for 1918, noted that Denmark stands out as the country with the lowest levels of excess mortality [2,3].”

https://paa2008.princeton.edu/papers/81563

 

17% death rate reduction from non-epidemic causes 1917 and 34% in 1918 (pandemic year)

https://futurefood.org/DissertationSchmidinger.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1xc91WQxn1KCn3l7FDeM6Q8k7eskNnFNldbJqF8vRmBlY24pljoJooLaQ


SARS 2002 – bats/civet cat-eating/farming to humans

https://www.who.int/ith/diseases/sars/en/


swine flu 2009 – pig farms to humans
https://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/information_h1n1_virus_qa.htm

swine flu origins in intensive pig farming
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2009/apr/28/swine-flu-intensive-farming-caroline-lucas


Current threat and example of continuous problem: Bird flu Germany – backyard chickens
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-birdflu-germany/germany-reports-outbreak-of-h5n8-bird-flu-in-backyard-poultry-oie-idUSKBN204254

Avian flu origins in animal-farming

https://www.scidev.net/global/livestock/feature/swine-fever-raises-fears-of-bird-flu-pandemic-1x.html

Fatal strain of bird flu outbreak S.Carolina

https://eu.desmoinesregister.com/story/money/agriculture/2020/04/11/bird-flu-deadly-strain-confirmed-south-carolina-first-severe-case-since-2017/2976912001/?fbclid=IwAR3i3rq9-E0CfEzKLT83Ywnt8G1ihdZt1kLtwjKEDnQNUSe46TBUCKPIj2M

General outbreak (in German)

https://www.verbraucherzentrale.de/wissen/lebensmittel/lebensmittelproduktion/h5n8erreger-vogelgrippe-ist-wieder-in-deutschland-angekommen-44088?fbclid=IwAR3nb8SqYw2nxUsObtIeM4HmUJC8WqZ7njspffPlralU3eigEaL1T6I4vAo

African Swine Fever outbreak in Poland April 2020

African Swine Fever Outbreak Discovered In Poland


Antibioticresistant bacteria in pig feces as fertiliser (German)

https://www.n-tv.de/wissen/Schweinehalter-verbreiten-resistente-Keime-article21731067.html?fbclid=IwAR0J2j2Km_CrwZpldixZEhl5dC7yszOYw6m6queZpemYVJCeru66tf0E5C8


Christian Drosten, virologist at Berliner Charité (article in German)

„Der aktuelle Grund sollte jetzt sehr überzeugend sein, notwendige Veränderungen in Angriff zu nehmen. Das Problem ist der Fleischhunger in der sich ausweitenden Gesellschaft.“

“The current reason should now be very convincing to make the necessary changes. The problem is the desire for meat in an expanding society. ”

https://www.stern.de/gesundheit/virologe-christian-drosten—wir-haben-in-deutschland-einige-vorteile-gegenueber-anderen-laendern–9190450.html?fbclid=IwAR3Fuep6cZvjmSR4xriumI-tVkn7ReXjvHy8Vrrv-ha3gqvMmuEFnBCBE_w


MERS (H1N1) 2012 – bats to camel farms to humans
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/5/140513-mers-saudi-camels-health-contagion-spillover-bats-disease/?fbclid=IwAR3OLavNP6fNht42PIupqvVbatIBKiM8YW-VEKeSsqDa8gcpshYbFOVlRUE


Covid-19 (“Coronavirus”) 2019 – bat-eating / pangolin farms
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00364-2?fbclid=IwAR3U8ebx6B5HBMXjrPq9W6HZJerxtCOroSqE1FMGykjBsZkkXLCdIZucWs4

“for a precursor virus … an animal host would probably have to have a high population density (for natural selection to be efficient)…”.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0820-9?fbclid=IwAR2X6-6n6raHTKcORVtdmRQffMnG9En6mxMWFq3wbo8SyhxDTJbncnCxhSc

Spread via slaughterhouses?

“the single-biggest source of coronavirus cases in the U.S.”

Smithfield Hit With Lawsuit for Failing to Protect Pork Factory Workers From COVID-19

“Largest outbreak in Canada”  (….”In the U.S., rates of coronavirus infection are 75 per cent higher in rural counties housing large beef, pork and poultry-processing plants”)

https://thetyee.ca/News/2020/04/24/Alberta-Meat-Packers-COVID-Outbreak/?fbclid=IwAR3A8d2Bp2mWYtYjiPObuqpdIu__KMLStrNbi4A4Z-A6amYi5ujJc7-9daI

 

Outbreak in German slaughterhouse:300 cases (in German)

Rund 300 Mitarbeiter positiv Heftiger Corona-Ausbruch in Schlachthof

https://www.n-tv.de/panorama/Heftiger-Corona-Ausbruch-in-Schlachthof-article21746955.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook&fbclid=IwAR1G-hZhDBHW9KVmF2KT1ZUhEbij05V8kAaBGK25DW2kGbU_mMLZinTuExA#Echobox=1588148137

“Schlachthöfe und Fleischbetriebe entwickeln sich gerade zum Corona-Brennpunkt im ganzen Land”

“Löhne unter dem Mindestlohn, Massenunterkünfte, kaum Erholung für kranke Kollegen”

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/schlachthoefe-fleischproduktion-missstaende-coronavirus-1.4902875?fbclid=IwAR3129zBEwRZ_a-8G1UhYdknKU2xTfHQxVBs-ly-0_Srwok35eEjh89oIjY

 

652 Infizierte

“Corona-Massenausbruch bei Tönnies: Hunderte infiziert – die Ansteckungsrate ist enorm – heftige Konsequenzen drohen”

https://www.ovb-online.de/weltspiegel/coronavirus-guetersloh-deutschland-toennies-fleischfabrik-zahlen-aktuell-ausbruch-schulen-kitas-news-zr-13801264.amp.html?fbclid=IwAR2tAvRtxfDDcieifMyKNmr8egcVkwy__1ZpOTVny-rpQPT4clvGY7ByKyQ

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/may/14/everyones-on-top-of-you-sneezing-and-coughing-life-inside-irelands-meat-plants-covid-19


bird flu – wild birds to poultry farms to humans
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/260025#1

Spread of bird flu

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_spread_of_H5N1

history

“While most wild birds have only a mild form of the H5N1 strain, once domesticated birds such as chickens or turkeys are infected, H5N1 can potentially become much more deadly because the birds are often in close contact. H5N1 is a large threat in Asia with infected poultry due to low hygiene conditions and close quarters. Although it is easy for humans to contract the infection from birds, human-to-human transmission is more difficult without prolonged contact. However, public health officials are concerned that strains of avian flu may mutate to become easily transmissible between humans.[18”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avian_influenza


HIV and Ebola from bushmeat hunting

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/coronavirus-uk-pandemics-environmentalists-warning-a9413996.html?fbclid=IwAR3n8BBBqdV4W-wYaU0hkEBA5G97-1axawxDpTlIp3yUHFrPZnlN3zKYKUo


Further Antibiotic Resistance Information

Antibiotic use in animal farming – EU comparison

https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/antibiotic-use-in-livestock-in-europe?fbclid=IwAR1qe-3E3xwQeSqvJBqHe_0XXofTJvXgfsTjEDUhEL9k39L8eu3Iz6Prhzs

 

Antibiotic resistance adds to the impact of Covid-19

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/04/antibiotic-treatment-covid-19-complications-could-fuel-resistant-bacteria

Antibiotic resistance: the hidden threat lurking behind Covid-19

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20200401-coronavirus-why-death-and-mortality-rates-differ

https://www.24hamburg.de/hamburg/coronavirus-tiere-schlachthof-warnung-multiresistente-keime-soko-tierschutz-friedrich-muelln-zr-90010549.html?fbclid=IwAR3-E0tiVol_LykILWi5AFQd0t21BZSSYCSWsDjmai9IRw8vJ84q4XI33aU

https://sciencenorway.no/antibiotics-crisis-epidemic/multi-drug-resistant-bacteria-when-the-immune-system-during-covid-19-is-attacked-from-two-fronts/1675599?fbclid=IwAR0gTQSZdcJ–SVfDEEXXqKeyO9d4zSWC0XG_wTDX6TvfVltJBpYD-ruPWE

https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2020/04/27/superbugs-in-the-news-how-covid-19-is-increasing-antibiotic-use

https://www.aidian.eu/news/antimicrobial-resistance-amr-has-a-role-in-covid-19

 

Cardiovascular aspect of covid-19 (another reason for preventative approaches to heart disease)

https://elemental.medium.com/coronavirus-may-be-a-blood-vessel-disease-which-explains-everything-2c4032481ab2


The General Problem:

 

‘We should start thinking about the next one’: Coronavirus is just the first of many pandemics to come, environmentalists warn

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/coronavirus-uk-pandemics-environmentalists-warning-a9413996.html

 

Coronavirus: Pandemics will be worse and more frequent unless we stop exploiting Earth and animals, top scientists warn

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/coronavirus-pandemic-virus-disease-wildlife-environment-farming-infectious-a9487926.html

 

Coronavirus: Industrial animal farming has caused most new infectious diseases and risks more pandemics, experts warn

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/coronavirus-meat-animal-farming-pandemic-disease-wet-markets-a9505626.html?fbclid=IwAR1MWgEtgI-JYzYLgo5PHRn8BNM3PoNxtQQC–CDhCvUokWwWc_B7RB3r60

 

Go vegan or risk further pandemics, experts warn

https://www.independent.co.uk/independentpremium/vegan-campaign-wildlife-trade-market-ban-restrictions-viva-a9490696.html

 

German video summary

 

 

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/one-root-cause-of-pandemics-few-people-think-about/

 

 


List of Zoonotic Diseases (before covid 19)

https://www.hse.gov.uk/agriculture/topics/zoonoses.htm

 

Other pathogens

Salmonella origins in animal-farming, animal manure
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/287/5450/50.full

e.coli origins in animal-farming, animal manure
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/e-coli

Anthrax origins in animal-farming

https://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/resources/history/index.html


References

1. http://www.fao.org/3/a-bp285e.pdf

2. https://foodandwaterwatch.org/sites/default/files/Antibiotic%20Resistance%20101%20Report%20March%202015.pdf

3. https://www.grain.org/en/article/6240-the-rise-of-the-superbugs-and-why-industrial-farming-is-to-blame

4. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/dec/05/over-use-of-antibiotics-in-farming-is-a-major-new-threat-to-human-health-says-un

5. https://ec.europa.eu/health/amr/sites/amr/files/amr_studies_2015_am-in-agri-and-env.pdf

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